…"About VOSI"…"Famous and Not So Famous
Ref. 3 requires that wells be tested before
property can be sold. In addition "the law will implement a
tougher arsenic standard for well water that was rejected by
former NJ governor and EPA administrator Christie Whitman".
Drinking water wells in South Jersey "contain unsafe levels
of chemicals such as mercury"" Mercury in vaccines has
been linked to learning disabilities and autism (VOSI V50.2
Standard for Banning Mercury in Vaccines etc.) Click on
"Public Health" to read the standard and research
Ref. 4 states that the type of arsenic found
naturally in drinking water is inorganic arsenic which is much
more harmful that the organic arsenic abundant in seafood.
Arsenic is introduced into water through the
dissolution of minerals and ores . In addition arsenic is used
in the mining and wood preservative industries which supported
the ref. 1 decision.
Long-term exposure to arsenic via drinking-water
causes cancer of the skin, lungs, urinary bladder, and kidney,
as well as skin pigmentation changes and thickening (hyperkeratosis)".
"Increased risks of lung and bladder cancer
and of arsenic associated skin lesions have been observed in
drinking water at less than 50 ppb arsenic".
"Accurate measurement of arsenic in
drinking-water at levels relevant to health requires laboratory
analysis, using sophisticated and expensive techniques as well
as trained staff".
The World Health Organization (WHO) established
50-ppb maximum in the 1963 "International Standards for
The present WHO limit for arsenic in drinking
water is 10 ppb because this is "the realistic limit to
The U.S. is one of the 192 members of WHO.
Membership in WHO is meaningless if their health standards are
not adhered to by member nations per ref. 9.
Ref. 5 states that Bangladesh has a potential
"problem of poisoning 70 million people from arsenic
present in water drawn from millions of wells originally
installed to solve shortages of drinking water".. "Up
to 200,000 people have been diagnosed with arsenicosis in West
Bengal". "The Bangladesh arsenic contamination is
possibly the largest mass-poisoning case in the world right
The six ranges of arsenic in Bangladesh are: 0
–10, 10 – 50, 50 – 150, 150 – 500, 500 – 1000, and
1000- 2000 ppb.
The World Bank is tackling the arsenic problem
in Bangladesh as follows: research on the arsenic sources,
training villagers in testing their well water and using low
cost portable instruments.
The Hach Co., ref. 7, has developed a low cost
arsenic test kit that will be evaluated by the World Bank. VOSI
research by our "Arsenic Task Group" includes test
results with the Hach portable test kits.
Ref. 6 states: "Stevens is collaborating
with Earth Identity Project, a leading non-governmental
organization in Bangladesh, to establish a technology center
that will deploy Steven’s patented technology for removing
arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh" Dr. Xiaoglang
Meng , a leading researcher at the Stevens Center for
Environmental Engineering, is a member of the VOSI arsenic task
group. I received my M.E. and M.S.M.E. degrees from Stevens in
49’ and 53’ respectively and have enjoyed working with my
The Stevens Technology for Arsenic Remediation
(STAR) is a small-scale system that requires no electricity,
costs only a few dollars per year per family, and effectively
reduces arsenic in well water to acceptable levels for human
consumption (i.e. less than the 10 ppb maximum WHO
Ref. 7 states that the portable arsenic test kit
is "an easy-to-use, low cost method for measuring arsenic
levels in drinking water, down to 10 ppb, that minimizes your
exposure to arsine gas". The VOSI task group evaluated both
the standard 28000-00 kit and the EZ kit which will be used by
the World Bank in addressing the arsenic problem in Bangladesh.
Ref. 8 states: "The House (of
Representatives) voted 218-189 to halt the Bush Administration’s
delay of tougher arsenic standards for drinking water". And
"(EPA Administrator) Whitman has not ruled out the 10-ppb
or even a tougher standard, but her office has also sought
public comment on a 20-ppb level". VOSI will alert Whitman,
through the Interagency Committee on Standards Policy (ICSP)
representative at the EPA, who is responsible for reviewing and
utilizing private sector standards , when the VOSI standard and
research report are on-line for their review.
The National Technology Transfer &
Advancement Act of 1995 (NTTAA) requires all levels of
government to utilize private sector standards. This law, which
is the keystone of VOSI’s efforts to force government to obey
their own laws has been a dismal failure. I have been met by
arrogance and indifference by all of our so-called
"government servants" (that’s a joke son!!!) who are
ignoring this law. VOSI has initiated activist’s committees to
force government agencies to abide by this law and review and
utilize VOSI standards.
The only purpose of any government is to protect
the health and safety of its citizens and the environment. This
is the goal of VOSI’s revolution: to write "Public
Safety", "Public Health" and
"Environmental" standards that will force all
governments to start doing what they’re supposed to be doing.
This will hopefully get rid of the arrogant and powerful special
interests that dominate all world governments and force
governments to do what’s in the best interests of their
citizens and the environment.
The multinational corporations will be both
accountable and responsible for the worldwide effect of their
products and policies on the health and safety of people and the
environment. They will no longer be able to purchase our
politicians in order to pass laws that only benefit the
profitability of special interest groups and adversely affect
the health and safety of people and the environment. This can
only happen when our government is forced to abide by the NTTAA.
Ref. 9 requires that all 192 members of the
World Health Organization (WHO) abide by the WHO guidelines
which include the 10 ppb maximum limit of arsenic in drinking
water, This will also prevent multinational corporations from
using a safe product domestically and exporting a hazardous
version of that product.
Ref. 10 shows a map of the U.S. with three
arsenic level classifications: 5 – 10, 10 – 50 and greater
than 50 ppb. The maximum levels are in the western states and
along the New England coastline. On Aug. 2 the Senate voted 97
to 1 to have the EPA place "strict limits on arsenic in
drinking water". Although the Senate neatly avoided
specifying a limit ("beating around the Bush") the
House voted to require President standard Bush to retain the
10-ppb that President Clinton had set. Probably the most idiotic
statement was that of Senator Christopher Bond who stated that
the Senate’s "flexible requirement is an appropriate way
to deal with arsenic in drinking water". A 1999 report from
the National Academy of Sciences called for "stricter
standards, as promptly as possible", saying arsenic was a
potent human carcinogen linked to lung, bladder and skin
Ref. 11 states: that the European Union, Japan,
Jordan, Laos, Mongolia, Namibia, Syria use 10 ppb as the maximum
limit for arsenic in drinking water. It was surprising to me
that Laos and Mongolia place more importance on limiting arsenic
in drinking water than does the U.S. "What fools these
Ref. 12 states that Bush Administration
officials "were reevaluating the levels and would wait for
the new report by the American Academy of Sciences (AAS) before
determining whether to set the level at 3, 5, 10 or 20
ppb.". The 1999 AAS report found an increased risk of
cancer if the level was above 10 ppb.. With 13 million people in
the U.S. at increased risk due to arsenic in drinking water,
Whitman should move as quickly to reestablish the 10-ppb limit
as she did to increase it to 50 ppb.
VOSI ARSENIC TASK GROUP:
The VOSI 10 member As Task Group consisted of
four accredited test labs, a Hach Co. representative, (ref. 7),
Dr. Meng , Stevens Center for Environmental Engineering, (ref.
6) , Eric Olson of the Natural Resources Defense Fund (ref. 2)
and representatives of the World Health Organization, the EPA
(Mary Mckiel) and the NJ state Dept. of Environmental Protection
(Eileen Murphy). The VOSI Chairman is the coordinator of all
VOSI task groups.
Dr. Meng prepared "spiked" arsenic
standard solutions of 0.5, 5, 10, 30, 50, 70, and 150 ppb based
on the color standards of the ref. 7 28000-00 Hach arsenic test
Dr. Zvi Blank, Director of Complete Analysis
Lab, Parsippany, NJ prepared identical 200 ml. Samples from the
half gallon containers supplied by Dr. Meng. These samples were
tested by Dr. Meng, Mike Leftin, Integrated Analytical Labs,
Randolph, NJ, Theodore Gaydos, Accredited Labs, Carteret, NJ and
Matt Asbury, Schneider Labs, Richmond, VA. Only the sample
number was marked on the bottles. Nitric acid was added as a
preservative; no preservative can be used with the Hach portable
As test kits.
Either Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) or
graphite furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) test
methods were used by the four labs identified as labs 1 thru
4.Only the laboratory receiving this report will be given their
lab number. Table 1 lists the sample numbers and the
corresponding concentration of As for both the AAS and ICP test
methods. In addition the ratio of the actual measurement to the
standard value is listed under each test method. Example:
10.3/10 = 1.03