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VOSI - Slip and Fall Standard V41.23E

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VOSI SLIP AND FALL STANDARD V41.23E
FOR
SLIP & TRIP RESISTANT SIDEWALKS AND SWIMMING POOL DECKS

1. SCOPE

1.1 This Standard specifies the static coefficient of friction (SCOF) and trip resistance requirements for sidewalks and swimming pool decks in order to be called "slip and trip resistant".

2. REFERENCED DOCUMENTS

2.1 VOSI 41.21, "Universal Specification / Test Method for Slip Resistant Walkways, in the Field and Laboratory, as Measured by a Drag Type Friction Tester".

2.2 VOSI 41.22, "Universal Specification / Test Method for Slip Resistant Footwear, in the Field and Laboratory, as Measured by a Drag Type Friction Tester".

2.3 CABO/ANSI A117.1 "Accessible and Useable Buildings and Facilities".

2.4 VOSI Research Report RR1-V41.20.7, "Humidity Correction Factors for Leather and Monarch EVA".

2.5 VOSI Research Report RR6-V41.40 "SCOF of Concrete and Epoxy Finishes for Sidewalks and Swimming Pool Decks".

2.6 "Certificate for Concrete Pool Deck Slip Resistance Compliance 11/12/2001" by S M Trushell.

2.7 2001 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 36 "Parks, Forrest, and Public Property", Chapter XI "Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board Part 1191". Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) "Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities". 1191.1 "Accessibilities Guidelines".

2.8 "Pedestrian Compatible Planning and Design Guide Lines", April 1996; NJDOT.  Paragraph 2a "Sidewalk Repairs".

3. TERMINOLOGY

3.1 All uniform definitions of terms that affect public safety are stated in 2.1 thru 2.3

3.2 "Slip Resistant Sidewalks" - A Sidewalk that meets reference 2.1 minimum SCOF requirements when tested dry with leather (0.45) and dry and wet with Monarch EVA (0.50 & 0.35 respectively).

3.3 "Slip Resistant Pool Decks" - A pool or spa deck which meets 3.2 requirements and a 0.35 minimum SCOF when tested wet (per 2.1) with 1/16" thick gray silicone rubber sensor.1

3.4 "Trip Resistant Sidewalks & Pool Decks" - Reference 2.3 par. 4.5 "Ground and Floor Surfaces" and References 2.7 & 2.8. Maximum vertical mismatch of adjacent sidewalk panels, or utility access covers within walkways, is 1/4 inch maximum without edge treatment. Changes in level between 1/4 and 1/2 inch shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1:2. Changes in level greater than 1/2 inch shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1/8 inch.

3.5 "Standing Water" - Water, other than that caused by rainfall, shall not remain on sidewalks for more than 48 hours.

4. SIGNIFICANCE & USE

4.1 This standard is based on using references 2.1 and 2.2 for measuring the SCOF of sidewalks, pool and spa decks, and footwear. The results of this method correlate with slip/fall accident rate.

4.2 Par. 3.4 requirements will reduce the incidence of trip and fall injuries caused by mismatched adjacent sidewalk panel heights, or utility access covers within walkways.

4.3 The public's safety requires that uniform specification / test methods be used when measuring the SCOF of walkway and footwear surfaces in both the field and laboratory.

4.4 Sidewalks & pool drawings shall reference this standard.

4.5 Broom finished concrete sidewalks and pool decks will be considered slip resistant per reference 2.6.(click here for Ref 2.6)

4.6 This standard should be required in all sidewalk ordinances in order to define a safe walking surface.

5. KEYWORDS

5.1 Slip Resistant Sidewalks, Slip Resistant Swimming Pool & Spa Decks, Static Coefficient of Friction, Trip Resistant Sidewalk and Pool Decks.

This STANDARD is under the jurisdiction of Voices of Safety International (VOSI) committee V.41.20 on "Pedestrian Slip Resistance Requirements for Walkways and Footwear", Task Group V41.20.4 "Slip Resistance Requirements for Sidewalk, Pool & Spa Facilities".

Copies are available from VOSI, 264 Park Ave., North Caldwell, NJ 07006.
Ph (973) 228-2258 or Fax: (973) 228-0276. Web site: www.voicesofsafety.com

Gray Silicone Rubber from Minor Rubber Co., Bloomfield, NJ: 3/4" x 0.067" thick strip,
1 "Thermoflex" silicone compound number 2850R, Shore A Durometer 60

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Contact: webmaster@voicesofsafety.com
Created: 2001-10-24 Last Updated: 2002-07-12